In November, the Obama administration set the social cost of carbon dioxide at $37 per ton. Many argue that that figure is too low.
The recent IPCC report estimates that it would take $0.15/kg of CO2 to solve the climate change problem. If I do my math right, that works out to be a little less that $150/ per ton.
The British Columbia carbon tax experiment at a rate of $30 per ton has proven to be a success. Carbon emissions are down without any severe economic impacts despite the poor economy. Note that there are special provisions in the BC law that mitigate the economic impact on low income households.
That puts a framework around it. We can start moving the right direction with a $30/ton figure. But to really solve the problem we need to get closer to the $150/ton level. With the higher taxes, there should be sufficient economic incentive for carbon sequestration efforts to begin to pay off.
The Citizens Climate Lobby has produced legislation that starts with a $20/ton tax with an annual increase in the rate. Unlike the BC law, only 60% of the proceeds are returned to the taxpayers with 25% going into the general fund and 10-15% going towards green energy subsidies.
You can see the Congressional horse-trading in these provisions. BC's law was revenue neutral with all the proceeds being pushed back to the taxpayers. It's too bad that a good bill like this has to suffer extortion by special interests.